January Releases From APA Books!

 

ethical choices

Ethical Choices in Research  

Managing Data, Writing Reports, and Publishing Results in the Social Sciences

by Harris Cooper

If you conduct original research and publish the results, this book is for you. Following the course of a typical project, Harris Cooper describes the ethics—and etiquette—behind each stage. He anticipates ethical problems that occur in the early stages of planning research, the middle stages of data management and report preparation, and the final stage of publications. At each stage, he emphasizes the value of early planning to meet one’s professional responsibilities as a scientist.

 

 

 

cultural complexitiesAddressing Cultural Complexities in Practice 

Assessment, Diagnosis, and Therapy

THIRD EDITION

by Pamela A. Hays

This third edition is richly illustrated with case material and includes up-to-date information on the DSM-5, ICD-10, and upcoming ICD-11, plus new sections on working with people in poverty, children, and transgender people; and trauma-informed care.  Each chapter includes a Key Ideas summary and practice exercises, making it ideal for personal education or group use.

 

 

internationalizing

Internationalizing the Undergraduate Psychology Curriculum 

Practical Lessons Learned at Home and Abroad

Edited by Dana Gross, Kenneth Abrams, and Carolyn Zerbe Enns

Building on the foundation laid by the APA-sponsored book Undergraduate Education in Psychology: A Blueprint for the Future of the Discipline (Halpern, 2009), this book offers teachers of psychology what they need most to internationalize the undergraduate curriculum: clear approaches to studying psychology across cultures, practical ideas they can use in the classroom, resources that connect students to the world beyond their home campus, and expert advice on how to develop and administer study abroad programs.

 

 

positive psych

Positive Psychology in Racial and Ethnic Groups 

Theory, Research, and Practice

Edited by Edward C. Chang, Christina A. Downey, Jameson K. Hirsch, and Natalie J. Lin

 

For the first time, leaders in the field have come together to provide a comprehensive reference that focuses specifically on how a culturally-informed approach to positive psychology can help capitalize on the strengths of racial minority groups and have a greater potential to positively impact their psychological well-being.

 

 

psychoanalytic theory

Psychoanalytic Theory and Cultural Competence in Psychotherapy

by Pratyusha Tummala-Narra

While psychoanalytic scholars often address specific aspects of diversity such as gender, race, immigration, religion, sexual orientation, and social class, the literature lacks a set of core principles to inform and support culturally competent practice. This approachable volume responds to that pressing need. Drawing on the contributions of psychoanalytic scholars as well as multicultural and feminist psychologists, Tummala-Narra presents a theoretical framework that reflects the realities of clients’ lives and addresses the complex sociocultural issues that influence their psychological health.

 

 

 

psychtherapy teaching

The PsycTHERAPY® Teaching Guide

The PsycTHERAPY®Teaching Guide provides practical ideas on how to use APA’s video database of streaming psychotherapy demonstrations in a variety of classes, in clinical supervision, and in other training contexts.

On the surface, PsycTHERAPY is simple to use: Find a video and learn as you watch a master clinician demonstrating psychotherapy. However, professors in clinical psychology and counseling have discovered many different uses for PsycTHERAPY, including teaching personality theories and psychopathology classes, training researchers on how to code therapy sessions, and augmenting empathy training for psychotherapy students.

 

Stan Brodsky and Tom Gutheil: On Expert Expert Witnesses

For this interview, David Becker, APA Books Development Editor, interviewed Drs. Stan Brodsky, Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Alabama, and Tom Gutheil, Professor of Psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry at Beth Israel-Deaconess Medical Center.

Note: The opinions expressed in this interview are those of the authors and should not be taken to represent the official views or policies of the American Psychological Association.

Stanley Brodsky

Stanley Brodsky

Thomas Gutheil

Thomas Gutheil

Stanley Brodsky and Thomas Gutheil are renowned forensic clinicians who have written about and taught psychologists and psychiatrists the ins and outs of expert testimony.

Through their many workshops and publications, they have given expert witnesses the confidence and skill to overcome numerous challenges in a courtroom environment, including intense cross-examination. In The Expert Expert Witness: More Maxims and Guidelines for Testifying in Court, Second Edition, they offer advice on how to become expert expert witnesses based on scientific knowledge, professional practice, and their own experiences.

Dr. Brodsky has also written other guides for expert witnesses, including Testifying in Court: Guidelines and Maxims for the Expert Witness, Second Edition (2013), a companion to The Expert Expert Witness, and Coping With Cross-Examination and Other Pathways to Effective Testimony (2004), as well as other books, such as Therapy With Coerced and Reluctant Clients (2011). Dr. Gutheil has authored or coauthored Practical Approaches to Forensic Mental Health Testimony, The Psychiatrist as Expert Witness, The Psychiatrist in Court: A Survival Guide, and his 2015 book Six Psychiatric Cases for Non-Psychiatrists.

What are the common and uncommon errors made by expert witnesses when they testify?

Tom: My nominee for the commonest error is the reluctance to throw away a throwaway question, rather than putting out a string of defensive qualifiers. Can psychiatrists disagree? Yes. Can bad outcomes occur even with the best care? Yes. Can all suicides be prevented? No. Credibility is enhanced by acknowledging the obvious.

Stan: When I work with beginning psychotherapists, usually 2nd year PhD students, I seek to stop them from piggybacking their responses. That is, they make a good statement, then explain it, and then explain some more, so that the power of the original comment is lost. The same thing applies to testifying experts. A good, brief answer that goes to the heart of the question often closes down the line of inquiry.

It might be worthwhile to note that uncommon errors can be catastrophically bad. A local Assistant D.A. with whom I work out daily told me about an out-of-town expert witness who was being grilled severely but appropriately about gaps in his assessment. After this had gone on for while, the frustrated, exasperated expert blurted out to the cross-examining attorney, “Why don’t you go f – – – yourself!” The judge was not pleased, and ordered a police officer to stand immediately behind the expert, and told the expert that one more outburst would lead to him being held in contempt and led off to jail. The jury disregarded everything the expert said and found for the other side.

What should experts do when an attorney uncovers some error or omission in their assessments?

Stan: This is a time when a core of solid feelings of professional worth needs to come to the surface. There will be always be a time when experienced and good experts miss something, especially in complex cases with extensive records. Good experts lose by getting defensive. If there is indeed something the experts have missed (and they should never automatically take the word of opposing counsel that they have missed it), then a straightforward and unadorned admission is in order.

Tom: One of the hardest lessons to teach trainees is the idea that “I don’t know” is a perfectly good answer to a number of questions.

Stan: I don’t know about that. Actually, I agree. Sometimes saying I don’t know galvanizes the attention of the courtroom. It reflects good boundaries and humility.

When attorneys are downright nasty and insulting, how should the ethical and effective expert reply?

Stan: I see such nastiness as an opportunity for experts to show how nice and likeable they can be. When attorneys raise their voices, good experts lower theirs. When attorneys get sarcastic, effective experts become earnest. When attorneys become aggressive, good experts don’t bite, and extend a soothing and calming quality to their responses.

Tom: If the attorney is screaming at you, and you are calm, you are the one with credibility.

What do you really like and dislike in expert testimony?

Tom: I like the challenge of the two translations: taking the psychiatric clinical issues and translating them into the legal criteria; and then translating that result into a form that the jury will understand. I don’t like having my testimony or my writings misquoted and distorted, but I realize fully that those events come with the territory.

Stan: Positive psychology has emphasized the concept of being in the zone, when there is an easy flow of ideas and feelings. I like I watching experts in the zone and like it when I am in the zone. Some attorneys are very skilled at creating enough static so that one cannot have that ease of being both oneself and a good expert. That’s their job. Testimony works best when one does not take it personally and seeks to be polite, responsive, and nondefensive even when the strong wind is blowing in your face.

Is there some mantra or thought to say to self before going onto the stand?

Tom: My favorite is saying to myself, “My job is to protect the truth of my opinion from both attorneys. My retaining attorney—at least at some level—would like me to slant the testimony in favor of his side. The opposing attorney, of course, wants to discredit me and impeach my opinion.” The challenge, of course, is to walk the path between, sticking to the truth wherever the chips may fall.

Stan: Every now and then, I give retaining counsel an answer they have not wanted. It is a good thing, because it reflects integrity. When counsel and I meet in advance, there is less likelihood of this happening because they try out their questions and learn what I have to say.

The Psychology of Democracy

RKelaher

by Chris Kelaher

The explosive U.S. presidential campaign is about to slam into even higher gear, as candidates prepare for the Iowa caucuses (February 1) and New Hampshire primaries (February 9). Anyone who has watched the past several months would admit the American system is far from perfect. But democracy still seems to be the best available system of governance when allowed to develop properly. Countries that have transitioned successfully to democracy are still a minority, however, and none has attained what Fathali Moghaddam calls “actualized democracy,” in which all citizens share full, informed, equal participation in decision making.

What is it about human nature that seems to work for—or against—democracy? In his new book The Psychology of Democracy (APA, 2016), Moghaddam explores political development through the lens of psychological science, examining the factors influencing whether and how democracy develops within a society. He concludes with recommended steps for promoting in citizens the psychological characteristics that foster democracy.

Fathali M. Moghaddam, PhD, is a professor of psychology at Georgetown University and editor-in-chief of Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology (APA). His previous books include APA Books’ The Psychology of Dictatorship (2013). His research focus on psychology and the transition from dictatorship to democracy dates goes as far back as 1979, when he returned to his native Iran after its revolution.

Watch Dr. Moghaddam discuss this important new work below! To order or read more about The Psychology of Democracy, go to http://www.apa.org/pubs/books/4318137.aspx

Note: The opinions expressed in this interview are those of the authors and should not be taken to represent the official views or policies of the American Psychological Association.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Year, New You? The Nature of Exercise Psychology

by Trish Mathis

Welcome to 2016! Made your New Year’s resolutions yet? I have, and this year I’ll keep them.  No, really. I’m committed to the New Me in the New Year.

Treadmills-in-the-gym-1200Like many people, I once committed to going to a gym for regular exercise. I’d never been to a gym before and felt like an intruder the minute I stepped inside the door. But I gamely persisted, and amidst all the sweating, wheezing, cursing, and grumbling, I somehow improved my cardiovascular fitness, muscle tone, and stamina.

Many people quickly give up on their New Year’s exercise goals. Why? Psychologist James Prochaska offers an explanation. His transtheoretical model of change is a five-stage theory that suggests that people need time to alter their health-related behaviors, that different interventions are effective at different periods in their lives, and that outcomes may vary across these different life periods. One month you might be confident and able to make several significant adjustments to your daily routine, and 6 months later you might be pessimistic and out of sorts, unable to maintain the changes you easily implemented previously. In other words, different times bring different opportunities and reactions, so the key to long-term success is persistence and flexibility.

At the gym, never is this phenomenon more apparent than in January, when eager new exercisers edge out the regulars in their excitement to reach the machines. They keep it up for a week or two, but by the end of the month only a handful of the newbies remain.

Fortunately, the field of exercise psychology exists to help prevent this disappearing act. Practitioners focus on helping everyday people achieve their physical activity goals—not elite athletes training for the Olympics. But people like me who train just for ourselves—for our health and our satisfaction, and maybe a little enjoyment and fulfillment along the way.  When we experience setbacks and need help overcoming obstacles, including our own inertia, pessimistic thoughts, and fear of failure, exercise psychologists have tools and techniques to help.

 

exploring sport & excercise psych        performance psych

References

Hays, K. F. (2009). Performance psychology in action. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

VandenBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2015). APA dictionary of psychology (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Van Raalte, J. L., & Brewer, B. W. (2014). Exploring sport and exercise psychology (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.